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North Traditions and Northern Culture

North Traditions and Northern Culture

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North Traditions and North Culture North region or what most people call Lanna It is a land of many cultures and charming traditions. Find no less than other parts of Thailand because it is a city full of charm. Including tourist attractions, history, local language, dress, folk games, local food, north traditions and north culture It is an activity that has been carried on for a long time.
North of Thailand The topography is mountainous area interspersed with flat land between mountains. In which people will live in groups Which is called the Lanna culture group In which people have a unique way of life, traditions and traditions However, there are important elements that are similar, but there are differences such as speaking accent, dance, singing and farmer's way of life. With respect to sacred things and believe in the spirits of ancestors With devotion to Buddhism and express feelings Ideas through language, literature, music and crafts, including celebrations in various ancient landmarks
North Traditions and Northern Culture Original Lanna culture Has a center in the city of Nop Buri, Srinakhet, Chiang Mai According to the name of the kingdom that divides the city government Which was founded in the 18th century by Phaya Mengrai.
North Most topographical features are high mountains interspersed with valley basins. Resulting in extremely cold weather in the cold season And in the summer the temperature is quite high Due to the sea In general, the northern region is considered to have a lot of forest, which is considered the source of many important rivers such as Nan River, Ping River, Yom River and Wang River, with a total area of ​​93,690 square kilometers. When comparing the size of the area in the north, the area size is closest to Hungary. But will be a little smaller than South Korea.
North Consists of 17 provinces which are divided into the upper northern region And the lower northern region as follows:
- There are 9 provinces in the upper northern region, which are 1. Chiang Rai 2. Chiang Mai  3. Nan 4. Phayao 5. Phrae 6. Mae Hong Son 7. Lampang 8. Lamphun 9. Uttaradit
- There are 8 provinces in the lower northern region, which are 1. Tak 2. Phitsanulok 3. Sukhothai 4. Phetchabun 5. Phichit 6. Kamphaeng Phet 7. Nakhon Sawan 8. Uthai Thani
Local culture and traditions of the north Can be divided as follows:

Local language culture

1. Local language culture
The northern region has Lanna language that is gentle, melodious, unique, spoken and written in the northern region. With pronunciation Accents that vary according to area Currently still using dialects to communicate. 
Dress culture
2. Dress culture North culture has different costume styles according to ethnic groups. Due to people in the north having diverse nationalities In which the dress shows the uniqueness of each locality.
- Women in the north region will wear sarong or sarong clothes that are almost as long as the astragalus. Which is popular to wear both young and old women. Sarong bags are exquisite With beautiful patterns as for the round neck shirts, they are colorful and beautiful patterns. Normally, there may be spun and curl hair.
-Men would like to wear 3 parts of long pants that the villagers would call "Teo", "Teo Sa Dor" or "Teo Ki", made from cotton. They will be dyed in blue or black and will be wearing a round neck cotton shirt with short sleeves and 5 breasted buttons. Blue or black buttons, also known as Hom Hom shirts, will be worn when going to work. In addition, also wearing long-sleeved Chinese collar shirts May have a sash, a shoulder cloth, or a head scarf And there is silver or gold jewelry which is a northern culture And the northern region Which is unique but different from other parts of Thailand.
Local fabric of the north Diamond pattern silk Kamphaeng Phet Province, cotton fabric with tiger fish pattern Nakhon Sawan Province, Chiang Saen Swan Pattern Printed Fabric, Swanby Chiang Mai Province, Chiang Saen Native Textile Khai Dok Khuea Silk Chiang Rai Province, Nan Lai Silk Watermark, Tak Batang Flowered Cotton Fabric, Tak Province, Nan Lai Mai Silk, Nan Mee Cotton with Floral Pattern Phitsanulok Province, Mor-Hom cloth, Phrae province and cotton warbler pattern Pichit province.
Eating culture
3. Eating culture The northern region has a culture of eating similar to the northeast region or northeast region, namely eating sticky rice and pickled fish, which the Northern language calls "stagnant rice and ha". Will be popular for boiling, grilling, composting and curry, but will not use oil for cooking.
In addition, people in the north will like to eat betel nuts and gooseberry by using the leaves of the young leaves to ferment with a sour, astringent taste. And mix the leaves with salt, granules or sugar, depending on personal preference. The ancient Lanna people would like to smoke cigarettes with banana leaves, like the size of a finger, almost long, which the villagers would call this type of cigarettes as "Khi Yo" cigarettes. Which is very popular in the north because of the cold weather And believed to warm up the body.
Culture related to religion and beliefs
4. Culture related to religion and beliefs The north is bound to worship spirits. Which is believed to have a mystery that is protected Which can be observed from daily activities such as when going into the forest Or camp in the forest Would be popular to tell And requesting permission from the owner Always on the path When eating rice in the forest, will also share some food in the host as well. Which shows the way of life Northern traditions That still respects ghosts.
Ancestral spirits are responsible for protecting relatives and families. Phi Khun Nam is responsible for providing water to the fields, the Arak spirits, or the ghosts that Chao Thao. Has a duty to protect the city and the community, the ghost weir has the duty to protect the city weir, the ghost Khun Nam has the duty to give water to the fields, the ghost to the water or the Pak Nam ghost has the duty to protect the area where the two rivers meet, the spirit spirit of the land is called the goddess The earth's spirits and spirits are called the Chao Mae Pho Sop.
In which Lanna people will raise ancestral spirits during the 4 month Nuea Peng (January) to 8 Nuea (May) such as Chiang Kham District, Phra Chao There will be a ghost raising Ban Suea Mueang Which is believed to be the ancestral spirit of the Tai Lue people Not long after that, there would be a Luva party Also known as Inthakhin worship This tradition is the ancient northern part of the city, not including the raising of ghosts, ants, Mengs and the raising of the Lua spirea, which will gradually be done as the northern tradition from now on.
During the hot season, there will be a visit to the various villages, a belief in the north, that you will meet to talk to ancestral spirits. Which in one year there will be one time And will take this opportunity to perform a ceremony for pouring water on the ancestral spirits with There is also a ceremony to raise spirits, ants, Meng Meng Which will be held once in a year Which must find auspicious date before Lent And performed a summon ceremony to summon the ghost Meng To ask to help protect the sick people In the ceremony there will be musical performances.
Lanna people in the north Although there is a belief in ghost ceremony But have not forgotten the ancestors who have helped to make life happy since the grandparents Still found an old small house always in the middle of the village, known as the "Hall of the Village", now in the northern region of the city Such traditions may change and be few. In this tradition, the villagers in the countryside are still practicing.
North traditions
5. North traditions Caused by a combination of lifestyle And Buddhism beliefs and spirits, resulting in the northern tradition is a tradition that is different according to the season. In the north, there are traditions every month. Most of the northern traditions are as follows:
Songkran traditions of the north It is considered a tradition in the beginning of the new year. Which can be divided as follows:
- On April 13, north people will consider the end of the year. Which will be fired and firecrackers to repel bad things Today, people will sweep houses and cleaning the temple.
- April 14, in the morning, food will be prepared And alms For the next day's merit-making ceremony And in the afternoon, will take to know from the river to build a pagoda in the temple To compensate, knowing that people stepped on foot from the temple all year round.
- April 15 is the day that the new era begins. There will be merit making, offering rice bowls, offering pungent sticks to Wat Pho at Wat Nam Nam, Buddha statues, relics and the tradition of pouring water from the heads of respected elders.
- April 16-17 is the date of the year and the month of the month. Will be a day of occult ceremonies exorcise And worshiping various sacred things. The Lanna people in the north will believe that Destiny will help to renew oneself, relatives and make the country long. Prosperous And prosperity. The fortune is divided into 3 categories, which are traditions of human destiny, traditions of home destiny And traditions inherited the city.
Cat Parade Of the north region. This north tradition is held between May and August. Which is the time of cultivation Villagers will believe in the ritual request of the cat lady. Which is believed that if holding a cat parade ceremony will help rain Cornfield is not fertile, not water.
Poy Noi tradition, ordained crystal ball, Sang Long tradition is ordination. Or ordination of the north Is a northern tradition that is popularly held within February. Until April In the morning after the harvest of the crops is finished In the ordination ceremony there will be a large celebration. Which has a crystal ball parade In which the clergyman will dress beautifully to imitate Prince Siddhartha Because of the belief that Prince Siddhartha was completed, ordained, and enlightened, and popularly used glass balls for horse riding, elephant riding, or on the neck. Currently, the famous crystal ball ordination tradition is the crystal ball tradition. At Mae Hong Son province in the north.
Poi Luang Traditional Or Poi Luang ceremony of the northern region is a northern tradition that is unique to the Lanna people, which is considered the culture of the north that creates unity. Villagers make merit together It is also a gathering place for relatives and relatives to return to meet each other. And make merit together It is a northern tradition that has been passed down. And practiced for a long time That is not lost from society The event period is 5 months to 7 months (February Until April Or May of every year) Duration is about 3 - 7 days.
ee Peng Festival (Full Moon Day) or Loi Krathong Festival North traditions Is a well-known tradition of Sukhothai province In which the people in the lower northern region call this northern tradition Chong Pheang or Loi Kmot
Loy Krathong tradition or the thousand lanternsIs a northern tradition in Tak province In the same festival in the 3rd month or around December There is a tradition of setting up Dharma Luang and Pha Pa Pa, and in December, rice is harvested. Is cooked rice before the year of rice And the waning year of the harvest.
Lantern floating tradition North traditions in Chiang Mai There is a belief that releasing unfounded lanterns will exorcise Help the bad things turn into good And be free from suffering The lanterns are made of mulberry paper attached to the bamboo frame. Inside there is a lamp. In order to create hot steam And causing the sky lantern to float in the air.
Dantung tradition North tradition in the Lanna Tung dialect means the flag, the purpose of making a Tung Is the offering of Buddhist worship Which the Lanna people would consider as making merit to dedicate merit to those who have passed away Or give as a charitable factor for himself in the next life With the belief that, after dying, he would get to Koh Chai Tung from heaven Which the offering day is usually made on the day of Phaya Wan, which is the last day of the Songkran festival
Kroui Salak Traditions North traditions that Buddhists make merit for alms. And receive the monk from the monk For the good fortune for oneself And dedicated the merit to those who have passed away Which is a reminiscence of the benefactors It is also an expression of unity among people in the community.
Inthakhin flower bowl tradition North traditions and north culture To worship the city pillar of Chiang Mai.
Traditions, religious ceremonies, play music North traditions in the Kingdom of King Li Tai Phra Kaew Temple, Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park.
Chao Por Chao Mae Pak Nam Pho Traditions North region and north culture To be remembered and worshiped.
Loy Krathong Festival Traditions of the north and north culture To worship the Ganga Goddess Please forgive me for throwing things into the river. And praying to worship the footsteps.
Lae Upadakam Traditions North traditions and north culture In order to prepare food to offer rice to the Buddha on the Buddha's day on the Thai Yai people in the north.
Todpha Taew Traditions Traditions of the north And north culture Is the day that Buddhists will wear clothing And Thai Dharma as a sacrifice to the monks Before performing the Loi Krathong ceremony to worship Phra Phutthabat based on ancient beliefs Which will be done on the day of the 15th lunar month, 12 days of Loi Krathong.
The Nine-Month Period Traditions North traditions and north culture To pay homage to the Lord Buddha's relics In june or the end of May.
Long Boat Race Tradtions North traditions and the north culture of Nan province.
Tradition in the middle of the water North traditions and north culture Wat Tilok Aram Phayao
Loy Krathong Festival Flow a thousand lanterns North traditions and culture in the northern region of Tak Province.
Lua Phing Fai Traditions  North traditions and north culture To offer firewood to monks to use to light a fire in the cold season In january.
Au Sao Tradtions Is a tradition in the northern region. The word "Au", Thai language in the north, means "talk, chat or woo girls" in order to talk in a rhetoric style.
In addition to local festivals There are still traditions in the northern region that have traditional beliefs of the Thai people in different tribes such as Yai Yai, Thai Yuan, Thai Phuan, Thai Lue, Lua and Mang, such as the Kam Pha Fah tradition of Thai Phuan or Thai Khong, Kin Wo tradition of the Thai Lisu hill tribe people etc.
Folk music in the north
6. Folk music in the north In the north North culture Local folk music culture in the north That will focus on fun Can sing at every opportunity Popular singing to relax And relax in peace The singing style and melodies are gentle and gentle with the main music players such as bagpipes, strings, and wheels. Which can be divided into 4 types of folk songs of the northern region as follows:
- Fiddler's Songs, Northern Folk Songs are songs that are sung in response to a flirtation between a man and a woman. By playing the bagpipes, brakes and the rhythm with.
- Northern Thai folk songs Which is a beautiful melody singing.
- Joy music, North folk music There are many singers Resembling piloting, is the introduction of musical composition in the north Come to sing in a short melody, with the content being an expression in the mind Affection Loneliness There is only one singer May use instrumental music or not, such as Joy for lovers, Joy between friends. And Joy to bless in various occasions or Joy farewell.
- Children's Songs, North Folk Songs Similar to children's songs in other regions, such as lullaby songs, classical music Is a game of the north There can be as many players as possible. By using a swing made of a single rope inserted into the hole Then tied the ends of the rope to the tree Or under the house By swinging back and forth high, singing along with the players to the rhythm of the swing.
In addition, there are lullabies that the northern region uses to lull the children. Always starts with the word "Sik Chung Ja Nho", U Chee "is a lullaby song of the north that reflects the way of life, environment and culture of the people in the north from the past to the present.
Folk Tales
7. Folk Tales The characteristics of folk tales in each region will vary according to regional characteristics. Which will be full of moral principles along with fun In most of the folklore stories of the north region are often legends of various places, including the history of important places that have been passed down for a long time. Folk Tales Therefore reflecting the lifestyle of the people in the north region.
Folk instrument
8. Folk instrument Such as
- Salor folk musical instruments It is a stringed instrument used by the bow of the color of the wheel as the sound source made from coconut shells.
- Sung  Folk instrument Is a stringed instrument Used to play with good Teak wood material Or hardwood.
- Flute similar to the folk instruments of the central region.
- Bagpipes folk instruments The tongue is made of metal. The oboe is made of Sang
- Bagpipes Nae The folk instrument resembles a scorpion or Java clarinet but with a larger size. Is oboe type Double tongue oboe made of wood.
- Drum Folk instrument That looks like a two-sided drum Made of hardwood such as red wood.
- Ma Lod Pod Folk instrument Has a double-faced drum, approximately 100 centimeters long.
- Drum Da Nong The largest drum-type folk instrument. The drum length is about 3-4 meters.
- Ancient Drum Klong Sabat Chai Folk instrument Used when fighting when going out for war To enhance good fortune And is a morale for soldiers in combat Nowadays it can be seen in the parade Or folk art shows The rhythm of the drums will look sensational. Use various organs in the body such as elbows, knees, head, used in drumming, ancient jerk.
Northern Folk Show
9. Northern Folk Show Can be seen in royal ceremonies Or religious days of the northern region, auspicious events and general festivals Which will be adjusted as appropriate according to the situation. The north of Thailand consists of people of many ethnic backgrounds. There are different local languages and similar traditions Which will be consistent with the seasonal lifestyle.

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